The first public railway in the United Arab Emirates was a section of the Dubai Metro opened in 2009. The Metro has since been extended and a monorail added; further extensions are proposed, as are trams and a metro for Abu Dhabi.
The first long distance railway is a 264km, standard (1435mm) gauge freight line from the Shah industrial complex to Habshan and the port of Ruwais, opened in 2014.
In 2020, construction began on a 216km eastward extension from the main line railway at Liwa to a point near Dubai, with branches to industrial areas and ports along the route.
Contracts have been let for the construction of a further 250km eastward extension, and a subsequent 156km link to Fujairah on the Gulf of Oman.
In 2021, construction was completed on a 139km extension from Ruwais to Ghuweifat on the border with Saudi Arabia, where it will eventually connect with the Saudi rail network.
Photo image supplied by Etihad Rail