The Chepe Express on one of the spectacular viaducts
of its route
The first railway in Mexico opened in 1850 between Veracruz and
El Molino, a distance of 11.5km. It was built to standard (1435mm)
gauge, which was also used for most subsequent railway development
in the country.
The national network has been privatised is operated by several
companies. Passenger services are for the most part confined to a number
of tourist routes but there are plans for new services, most notably
the proposed mixed traffic Tren Maya link to Cancun. The 956km
line will run from Palenque to Cancun via Valladolid.
Construction began on the first 228km section from Palenque to
Escárcega in 2020, with an anticipated completion date of 2023
for that section, and 2027 for the whole line. An alternative
route via Bacalar (for Chetumal) is planned for a later date.
In 2020, the Baja California state infrastructure ministry awarded
a contract to provide the first 27km of a passenger service from Tijuana,
largely following the route of the Baja Railroad. The service could in
future be extended to Tecate.
There are a number of international connections for freight with
the United States of America. A link with Guatemala terminates at
Tecún Umán, a short distance on the Guatemalan side of the border.
Proposed Passenger Railway
- Tren Interurbano 58km railway under construction
between Mexico City and Toluca (No website located at present)
Proposed Passenger and Freight Railway
- Tren Maya
railway under construction between Palenque and Cancun (Site
- Baja Railroad
from San Ysidro USA (interchange with San Diego and Imperial
Valley Railroad) via Tijuana to Tecate (possible future interchange with
Pacific Imperial Railroad), about 71km. There are no direct connections
with other Mexican railways.
Coahuila Durango group of minor lines in north central Mexico
(Site in Spanish)
del Istmo de Tehuantepec from Medias Aguas to Salina Cruz on the
Pacific Coast (Site in Spanish)
Chiapas-Mayab two separate lines in the south east of the country,
one serving the Yucatán peninsula, the other running along the Pacific
coast to the border with Guatemala (Site in Spanish)
in most parts of the country, including the former Ferrosur network.
in the area around Mexico City (Site in Spanish)
- Kansas City
Southern from the Pacific coast at Lázaro Cárdenas,
through the central and north eastern parts of the country, including
international traffic with the USA
Tourist Passenger Services
through the Copper Canyon between Chihuahua and Los Mochis on the lines
of Ferromex, about 653km.
- Jose Cuervo Express between Guadalajara and Tequila
(about 70km) on the lines of Ferromex, in conjunction with a tour of
La Rojeña distillery.
- Tequila Herradura Express between Guadalajara and
Amatitán (about 70km) on the lines of Ferromex, in conjunction with a
tour of Casa Herradura distillery.(Website requires age verification
Light Rail, Urban and Commuter Railways
- Mexico City
- Park Royal Beach Hotel has a private funicular
connecting the hotel with the swimming pool near the beach
(Website contains few details relating to funicular)
- Aguascalientes proposed commuter railway (No website
located at present)
- Cancún proposed light rail linking the resort area with
Tren Maya and the airport (Project details in Spanish)
- Guadalajara trams (Site in Spanish)
- Monterrey trams (Site in Spanish)
- Tijuana proposed trams. Possible international connection
with the tram system of San Diego (No website located at
- CG Railway train ferry service from Coatzacoalcos
(interchanging with Ferrosur) to Mobile, Alabama, USA
© 2006-2022 Glyn Williams
Photo image from the Chepe website