A small railway using hand propelled trolleys was in use around the port of Bathurst (present day Banjul) in the early 20th century.
A narrow gauge railway was in operation during the 1950s in connection with mineral sands extraction in the Brufut area.
The Gambia Groundnut Corporation had a small internal railway network serving its oil mill at Denton Bridge. Its operating dates are unclear. An unconfirmed report from 2017 suggests that the locomotive, some wagons and track are still on site, but out of use.