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Finland

Jokioisten Museorautatie train at Humppila station
A train of the Jokioinen Museum Railway waits at Humppila station, a VR passenger service passing in the background.
The steam locomotive is no.6, Helga, a 750mm gauge 2-8-0 built in 1909 for the Lovisa-Wesijärvi Railway
The VR service has a class Sr2 6MW Bo-Bo electric locomotive with a train of double deck passenger carriages.

The first railway in Finland opened in 1862 between Helsinki and Hämeenlinna. At that time, Finland was part of the Russian Empire, so the line was built to the Russian gauge of 1524mm (now 1520mm) in anticipation of its eventual connection with the rest of the Russian network. The remainder of the Finnish main line network was developed to the same gauge, which it retains today.

Finland has international rail connections with Russia and also with Sweden, via a bridge over the River Tornio opened on 1919. This involves a break of gauge necessitating the transhipment of through freight, and of passengers until passenger services ceased in 1988. Proposals exist for automatic gauge changing freight wagons to facilitate through freight operation between Sweden, Finland and neighbouring countries.

A feasibility study has been conducted into the construction of a new undersea rail tunnel connecting the Finnish rail network with that of Estonia.

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Photo image by Jyrki Längman from the Facebook page of Jokioinen Museum Railway