The Dominican Republic, which forms the eastern part of the island of Hispaniola, should not be confused with the island Commonwealth of Dominica.
The first railways in the Dominican Republic emerged in the early 20th century, serving the sugar cane industry. Several disconnected networks arose, using a variety of gauges. There was no rail connection with neighbouring Haïti.
Two groups of sugar cane railways remain in operation: a metre gauge network centred on Barahona, and a 350km standard gauge network centred on la Romana.
The capital, Santo Domingo, has a two line light rail Metro, the first section of which opened in 2008. It is built to standard (1435mm) gauge.
In 2022, contracts were let for the construction of a momorail in Santiago de los Caballeros.
© 2006-2022 Glyn Williams
Photo image © AFD