Until the present day, there have been no railways in Niger.
In 2005, a new railway was proposed, from Parakou in Bénin (where it would connect with Bénin Railways) via Dosso to Niamey, the capital of Niger. The concession to build and operate the new line was awarded to l'Organisation Commune Bénin-Niger des Chemins de Fer et des Transports (OCBN. No progress having been made by 2010, a study was initiated by PIC Network Limited into a similar proposal, this time integrated with further infrastructure and port development in Bénin. If the proposal was successful, the concession for the new line would be transferred to PIC Network. However, despite favourable reports it appears that no firm progress had been made by mid 2011.
In 2011, a further new line was proposed, from Ouagadougou in Burkina Faso (where it would connect with the Sitarail line from Abidjan in Côte d'Ivoire) to Niamey, a distance of 420km.
Flag image from CIA World Factbook