Several countries have territorial claims over parts of Antarctica, but under a treaty of 1959 all such claims are suspended. Therefore there is no single official flag for Antarctica, although various proposals have surfaced from time to time.
David Rootes of the British Antarctic Survey suggests that this French survey base made use of a narrow gauge railway to bring equipment ashore from a jetty. This would make it the only recorded railway on the Antarctic continent, and by far the most southerly railway in the world.
The British Antarctic Survey installed a short, narrow gauge railway at its base on Signy Island in the 1960s, to facilitate the movement of heavy equipment on shore.
The Hector whaling station on Deception Island had a small, hand operated railway network. The station was operational from 1912 to 1931. Remains of the station were buried by a volcanic eruption in the 1960s, but in 2003 some railway tracks were reported to have been revealed by weathering.